The Piedmontese language includes varieties spoken in a wide vertical belt in the central part of the Piedmont region. Among these, the most prominent is the variety spoken in Turin. This regional koine, commonly referred to as “Piedmontese”, has spread not only to major centres (such as Ivrea, Lanzo Torinese, Susa, Pinerolo, Dronero, and Cuneo), but also to the communities of Occitan and Francoprovençal speakers. In contrast, its role in the northeast (Lombard) and southeast (Ligurian) is more limited. Other significant varieties include Alto Piemontese, Monferrino, Alessandrino, Langarolo (including Monregalese), Canavese, Biellese, Vercellese, and Valsesiano.

It is estimated that there are about 700,000 Piedmontese speakers, mostly in rural areas, small towns, and villages.

Piedmontese has a long literary history dating back to the 1500s with the works of Giovan Giorgio Alione in the dialect of Asti. It also features a rich lexicographic documentation, mainly focused on the Turin variety.

Codice ISO: 639-3 pms


  • Clivio, Gianrenzo P. (2002): Il Piemonte. In M. Cortelazzo et al. (eds.): I dialetti italiani. Storia struttura uso. Turin: UTET, pp. 151-195.
  • Marazzini, Claudio (1984): Piemonte e Italia. Storia di un confronto linguistico. Turin: Centro Studi Piemontesi.
  • Regis, Riccardo & Rivoira, Matteo (in press): Il Piemonte e la valle d’Aosta. Rome: Carocci.
  • Telmon, Tullio (1988): Areallinguistik II. Piemont / Aree linguistiche II. Piemonte. In G. Holtus, M. Metzeltin & C.  Schmitt C. (eds.): Lexikon der Romanistischen Linguistik. Band IV. Italienisch, Korsisch, Sardisch. Italiano, corso, sardo. Tübingen: Niemeyer, pp. 469-485.
  • Telmon, Tullio (2001): Piemonte e Valle d’Aosta. Rome-Bari: Laterza.

Additional online resources