Mòcheno is a Germanic variety spoken in Trentino, in the Fersina Valley, ca. 20 km east of the city of Trento. Speakers, in addition to the term Mòcheno also use de inger sproch (‘our language’) to refer to their own variety. The first German settlers established themselves in the Fersina Valley around the 13th century and were originally from Tyrol and from areas next to the Fersina Valley that were already colonized by German-speaking communities.
Today Mòcheno is a Germanic language island comprising the three municipalities of Palù del Fersina (Palai en Bersntol), Fierozzo (Vlarotz) and Frassilongo/Roveda (Garait/Oachlait). The speakers of Mòcheno are usually at least trilingual: in addition to Mòcheno and standard Italian (the language of schooling) they also speak the local Trentino dialect. Until recently, Mòcheno was only used orally. In 2003, the Mòcheno Cultural Institute (BKI) published a normative grammar of the language that also contains an orthography proposal (Rowley 2003, based on Rowley 1986, 2010).